Zydeco is a popular accordion-based musical genre hailing from the prairies of south-central and southwest Louisiana. Contrary to popular belief, it is not Cajun in origin; rather zydeco is the music of south Louisiana’s Creoles of Color, who borrowed many of zydeco’s defining elements from Cajun music. (In turn, Cajun music borrowed many of its traits from Creole music). The word zydeco (also rendered zarico, zodico, zordico, and zologo derives from the French expression les haricots, meaning “beans”. Folk etymology holds that the genre obtained this name from the common V=Creole expression “Les haricots cont pas sales” (“The beans aren’t salty”). Zydeco is actually the most modern form of Creole music from Acadiana, and it first appeared after World War II, when pioneers of the genre like Clifton Chenier and BooZoo Chavis combined more traditional sounds with new rhythm and blues elements.
Acadiana is the name given to the traditional twenty-two parish Cajun homeland, which in 1971 the Louisiana state legislature officially recognized for its unique Cajun and Acadian heritage (per house Concurrent Resolution No.496). The following are the parishes of Acadiana: 1. Calcasieu 2. Cameron 3. Jefferson Davis 4. Evangeline 5. Acadia 6. Vermilion 7. Avoyelles 8. S, Landry 9. Lafayette 10. Point Coupee 11. St. Martin 12. Iberia 13. St.Mary 14. W. Baton Rouge 15. Iberville 16. Assumption 17. Asceneion 18. St. James 19. Lafourche 20. Terrebonne 21. St. John the Baptist 22. St. Charles